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Conference on Deterrence, Assurance, Command and Control Communications (DAC3), will be organized around the theme “To Explore the Practices of Deterrence”

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Deterrence theory gained increased fame as a military strategy during the Cold War with regard to the use of nuclear weapons. It took on a unique Idea during this time as an lesser nuclear force, by virtue of its extreme destructive power, could discourage a more powerful adversary, provided that this force could be preserved against destruction by a surprise attack. Deterrence is a strategy intended to Prevent an adversary from taking an action not yet started, or to dissuade them from doing something that another state desires.

Military strategy is a set of ideas performed by military organizations to follow desired strategic goals. Military strategy deals with the planning and organizing of campaigns, the movement and arrangement of forces, and the duplicity of the enemy. Sun Tzu is often considered as the father of Eastern military strategy and greatly affects Chinese, Japanese, Korean and Vietnamese historical and modern war tactics. The Art of War by Sun Tzu grew in favour and saw practical use in Western society as well. It continues to impact many competitive endeavours in Asia, Europe, and America including culture, politics, and business, as well as modern warfare. The Eastern military strategy varies from the Western by focusing more on asymmetric warfare and deception.


A cold war is a state of dispute between nations that does not involve direct military action but is followed primarily through economic and political actions, propaganda, proxy wars waged by surrogates. The surrogates are commonly states that are "satellites" of the conflicting nations, i.e., nations allied to them or below their political influence. Opponents in a cold war will frequently provide economic or military aid, such as weapons, tactical support or military advisors, to lesser nations involved in disputes with the opposing country.

Military technology is the application of technology for use in warfare. It consists of the kinds of technology that are definitely military in nature and not civilian in application, usually because they lack useful or legal civilian applications, or are dangerous to use without appropriate military training. Military technology is often examined and developed by scientists and engineers specifically for use in battle by the armed forces. Many new technologies came as a outcome of the military funding of science. Weapons engineering is the design, evolution, testing and lifecycle management of military weapons and systems. It draws on the command of several traditional engineering disciplines, including mechatronics, electrical engineering, electro-optics, aerospace engineering, chemical engineering, and mechanical engineering

Situational awareness is the perception of environmental elements and experiences with respect to time or space, the conception of their meaning, and the projection of their status after some unstable has changed, such as time, or a predetermined event. It is also a branch of study concerned with understanding of the environment unfavourable to decision-makers in complex, dynamic areas from ship navigation, air traffic control, aviation, power plant operations, military command and control, and emergency services such as fire fighting and policing; to more ordinary but however complex tasks such as driving an automobile or riding a bicycle. Situation awareness involves being aware of what is happening in the locality to understand how information, events, and one's own actions will effect goals and objectives, both immediately and in the near future.


 Deterrence has a extensive history in the context of maintaining law and order and as a military strategy. It became a principle in the international security environment of the Cold War as a reaction to the existence of nuclear weapons. The cause of deterrence is to discourage potential perpetrators by influencing their assessment of costs relative to potential gains.

 National security is an idea that a government, along with its parliaments, should protect the state and its citizens against all kind of "national" crises through a diversity of power projections, such as political power, diplomacy, economic power, military might etc. The concept developed primarily in the United States after World War II. Originally focusing on military might, it now encompasses a wide range of facets, all of which impinge on the non-military or economic security of the nation and the values espoused by the national society. Accordingly, in order to possess national security, a nation needs to possess economic security, energy security, environmental security, etc. Security threats involve not only conventional foes such as other nation-states but also non-state actors such as violent non-state actors, narcotic cartels, multinational corporations and non-governmental organisations; some authorities include natural disasters and events causing severe environmental damage in this category.